Project 1: Perceptions of crime and work opportunities in the city of Kaduna: a qualitatively approach using a semi-structured questionnaire survey
Led by Tatiana A. Thieme
As part of FCLP’s initiative – one of our major goal is to understand how individuals living in African cities perceive crime and work opportunities. We are using an innovative mixed methods model for our fieldwork to interview local residents in the city neighbourhoods of Kaduna (in Nigeria).
These include people who are victims of crime, as well as people who are ex-offenders, so as to get fresh insights on community concerns (& priorities) from residents living and working in these neighbourhoods. These interviews regarding crimes were designed in a manner to determine which emerging themes are prevalent among local residents in order to qualitatively analyse the patterns and perceptions of crime.
Project 2: Assessing the impacts of street-level characteristics on the burden crime in Kaduna (in Nigeria)
Led by Anwar Musah
Throughout the sub-Saharan African continent, there is significant paucity in readily available spatially referenced electronic victimisation data for criminological research. The standard practice for most police stations in sub-Saharan Africa are the documentation of crime outcomes in journals or diaries. The problems of using such records in quantifying the burden of crime are they are often incomplete, and it would require researchers to transform decades’ worth of paper-based data into a digital format which is time and cost-prohibitive.
One way to overcome such challenges is by conducting a population-based victimisation survey. Here, we interviewed a cohort of up to 3,300 residents in the city of Kaduna (in Nigeria) whereby we collected information relating to their sociodemographic, household, environmental and street-level characteristics, as well as details of being burgled within the last twelve months prior to April and May 2014. The data was used to derive contemporary estimates on the overall burden of residential burglaries in Kaduna. This study is one of the ever in West Africa to adopt an integrated approach using innovative techniques (i.e. graph theory, statistical modelling and GIS) on novel data to determine the impacts of various street characteristics on the risk of residential burglaries in Kaduna.